The Development of Streaming Radio in Today’s Globalization Includes Radio Casino Costa Rica

The more the era of globalization that is happening today, there has been very little development – the development of modern world civilization. One of the products of the modern era that is developing today is streaming radio. Radio streaming has expanded its wings of progress in all corners of the world. However, what is the existence of Indonesian streaming radio? Let’s start from the history of the existence of streaming radio until its developments from time to time.

Beginning with the inauguration of Radio Republik Indonesia in the reformation period, which coincided on September 11, 1994. After the inauguration, all students began creating amateur radios. However, it was not long before the government banned the work carried out by all the students, by making a law prohibiting the emergence of amateur radio that did not have publication permission. However, thanks to the hard struggle of students working on amateur radio, their willingness in 1967 gave the government permission for amateur radio broadcasting, with the keywords of the exclusive organization managing the work.

Starting from there, the growth of private radio and amateurs began to crawl forward and thrive in Indonesia. Along with the growth of information technology that continues to advance, broadcasting work is also carried away by the growth of information technology. The internet, is a giant information technology that really created everything began to change at that time. For the sake of the benefits of the internet, which continues to grow from year to year, precisely in 1993, information from a private company led by Carl Malamud introduced Internet Talk Radio, as an Indonesian streaming radio that was once and the only one in the compilation. After the development of Internet Talk Radio owned by Carl Malamud, then in 1994, came Internet Service Multitasking, which started RTFM, where he was an Internet News Station.

Radio streaming in Indonesia today is arguably used in fairly rapid civilization conditions. This can be seen from radio streaming service providers operating in many parts of Indonesia. All service owners offer a variety of streaming radio features, which allows everyone to experience radio broadcasts from many regions. Unable to determine broadcast radio in one city area, users have wide access space to reach Indonesian streaming radio broadcasts from outside the city, island, and even the continent. Very spectacular, isn’t it. To be able to feel the streaming radio from all service providers, you can use the facilities provided by the service on their official web. In addition, you can also use webcasts, like Winamp, Windows Media Player, iTunes, etc. to access streaming radio.

Which is quite interesting with the existence of streaming radio in Indonesia, not a few students – students who are studying abroad and together build a radio streaming in Indonesian. They did this on the form of love for the Indonesian homeland. The streaming radio is called the Indonesian Student Association Radio (PPI). You can see that the existence of Indonesian streaming radio is through helping sophisticated communities that take part in broadcasting in the world.

Do you know, like a business using streaming radio to grow its business? Not only that, but through this broadcast they also discuss information, tricks & strategies, and problems in gambling. Sometimes they invite online gambling players to share their stories. If you are interesting you can stream on FM 98.3 MHz, Radio Casino Costa Rica. And for the casino game website, you can visit

To access radio streaming, you need the convenience of the internet as a medium for transferring data to radio stations. For radio access equipment, you can use your PC or laptop connected to the internet. However, at this time you can also access it through the smartphone platform or also an ordinary cellphone that has internet features. If you want to access radio streaming over a PC or laptop device, you need to have webcast software on the PC or laptop you are using. Some applications that you can use between Windows Media Player, Winamp, and iTunes. If you don’t have one, please download it on their official web for free.

However, if you prefer to pay attention to Indonesian streaming radio through mobile devices, you need to install virtual radio software on the cellphone you are using. In addition, if you use the BlackBerry platform, the radio sync application that you can use is the Tune In software that you can download on the Blackberry Application website. By having software or software that works on the radio station sync, the computer equipment or mobile platform can easily access streaming radio. For the record, internet connectivity skills play the most urgent role here. For that, use a high-speed internet service provider.


Sound System in Casino Can Affect How You Play Poker

Do you believe that music can affect someone’s mood? I do. I always work with music in my ear, that’s how I can concentrate and make some good ideas. That’s why Casino corporate take seriously on how the sound system should applied in their room. Because it will affect how people play and make the visitor bet a bigger money. Yes, surprise isn’t it?

Harman Kardon for Casino Sound System

It’s a big investment for Casino corporation to make a great sound system to support their business, it makes visitor come and come again to play in their casino. It applied also in casino online or poker online, the sound and the songs that their played in the website can affect how the player plays and redefine their strategies.

Let’s see strategies for playing European roulette at Pharaoh’s online casino

Not all roulette games are similar. There is no argument that makes sense why you even have to work on the American version. This roulette version gives a minimum chance of winning, even if the game seems to be the same as the European version. Therefore, stick to European standards, and you will be able to see that we have increased opportunities to win in roulette, realize strategies.

First of all, to use the strategy of winning roulette from online casinos, you must have an active account, at least among online casino sites. After our account is created, go to the casino lobby and launch European Roulette. Caution: this system is not useful when you try to force it in American roulette. We recommend that you choose the European version of the game, so this works.

Now we have a game table in the new casino, please join, of course you will get a bonus when registering in poker bonus deposit member baru just opened right before your eyes, make sure we play with the right strategy. The first tactic you want to do is basically a trick that will be successful for you.

Look closer: we will see how the top row has 6 numbers in red and 6 in black? Have you seen how the average has 4 red and 7 black sectors? And what about the last, with 8 red and 9 black?

Bets on 1/3 of the board, choose the middle or bottom row, create the same bet on the color that is published very often during the last roll … and check what happens.

If the bet on the bet wins, we have the best chance of winning according to color. If the line bet fails, our second bet still gives you a + 47% chance to win and break even. So – it’s time to reduce the “Play” button.

Is that really easy, we ask? It will often be easy if you know the technique of betting wisely and stopping playing for one pleasure, if you want to receive money. The very nice thing is that you have the maximum opportunity to win with this strategy. Now, after pursuing an effective strategy to win the game, fast to apply it, as you like. But, remember: these are only useful on roulette.

You play and enjoy with friends or family don’t forget to snack so you are more fun.

Conventional Radio? Online Streaming Radio? Decide Your Preference Now

In recent times, the development of smartphone sales fairly high in Indonesia. As an illustration, in 2010 smartphone users in Indonesia diperikarakan for 4-5 million people. And guessed in 2012, users will break the number 10 million. Furthermore, Nielsen guesses that 67 percent of Indonesian digital consumers will have smartphones in the middle of this year. At the Southeast Asian level, it is expected that smartphone penetration among netizens will reach 20 percent, and according to the same survey, 61 percent of netizens will use smartphones to connect to the internet. As you know that there are so many kinds of web and software interesting in cyberspace. One of the interesting is the online streaming radio like Spotify, Pandora, Grooveshark, etc ..

This online streaming radio is present in recent times along with the growth of the internet. This type of radio also has a number of functions that become substitutes of a number of things in our day-to-day. First, a conventional radio replacement. We no longer need to make purchases and radio devices just to pay attention to radio broadcasts, quite by accessing the internet with so many media like mobile phones, tablets, laptops, or other equipment.

The key word: flexibility. Second, a substitute for a “music library” with conventional media such as CDs or cassettes. In the past, some of us have felt the hassle of having a “music library”, you as the owner have to take care of the cassette not to be damaged, not to mention bothered with the storage location that takes place anymore the cassette or CD is the favorite album. With online radio, you do not have to bother anymore confused with the physical media of our favorite albums. You only need Wi-Fi to streaming the radio nowadays, and it will give such a broad option to advertiser such as online jackpot games if they want to get potential member to daftar maxbet.

Online streaming radio also offers facilities that currently can not be replaced by other media. In general, online radio provides not a lot of track options from the many genres, musicians, and countries of various origins. These songs can be accessed anywhere, anytime, in many gadgets with the criteria connected to the internet network and gadgets can support the software needed. But a number of online radio also provides convenience to pay attention to the song offline to the extent that users do not have to rely on the Internet network. Some of the online radio is divided into three groups of fees charged, which is completely free, free of charge in a number of facilities to get more services users are required to make payments, and there are only providing paid services.

In Indonesia itself, streaming radio online is a new type of service. If you look, five years ago you have not heard the term radio streaming. But when this is not so much for the sake of not many conventional radio stations are slowly starting to work on adaptation by taking online streaming services. Some of the leading radio stations started to enter the service. Call Prambors, 99ers Bandung, Elshinta, HardRock FM Jakarta, and still not a few other names. The form may not be as complete and as easy as online radio service abroad. But not much for the sake of not a lot of online streaming radio is continuing to do the repair by bit. On this site we also provide online streaming radio service. How to use is also easy, you only need to type web address

Is this online streaming radio going to be “the next hit” in the future? It seems you still need to look in line with the improvement of infrastructure and internet network costs in Indonesia. One time, when the internet is more easily accessible, more stable, faster and certainly with the price achieved is not impossible radio streaming online will replace conventional radio and even increase radio listeners in Indonesia

History of Radio in the World

Hello friends. Well, my first article on Radio World’s website is Radio History in the world. Why radio ??? Because radio plays a very urgent role in the growth of the sophisticated world Let’s check it out !!

Radio history in question is the history of technology that produces radio equipment that uses radio waves. Heinrich Rudolf Hertz shows Maxwell’s theory between 1886 and 1888, through experiments. And he successfully proved that radio wave radiation has wave properties (now called Hertzian waves), and pursues that electromagnetic equations can be formulated into wave equations.

After Hertz’s public works, the familiar Guglemo Marconi as the inventor of the wireless telegraph, began using the science for practical destinations. Marconi was 20 years old when in 1984 listening to Experiment Hertz in Italian magazine. A year later he was able to receive a wireless hunch within a mile of the source, and in 1896 it was 8 miles. William Abig in his book “Modern Public Opinion” states that in 1901 the methods of expedition wire markings by Marconi can be carried out across the Atlantic Ocean. Initially signals on radio broadcasts are transmitted across continuous data waves either by amplitude modulation (AM), as well as frequency modulation (FM). This method of expediting a signal is called analog. Furthermore, as the growth of technology found the internet, and digital signals that then change the radio signal transmission techniques.

The average early radio user is the maritime, who uses radio to deliver telegraph messages using morse code between ships and ships. One of the earliest users including the Japanese Navy spied on the Russian fleet during the Tsushima War in 1901. One of the most memorable uses was during the sinking of the RMS Titanic in 1912, categorized as communication between operators on ships buried by nearby ships and communications to ground station. Radio is used to stream commands and communications between the Army and

Navy on both sides in World War II; Germany uses radio communications for diplomatic messages when its submarine cable is shaved by Britain.

The United States pronounced President Woodrow Wilson’s 14th Point Program for Germany over the radio during the war. The broadcast began in the 1920s, with the popularity of radio planes, particularly in Europe and the United States. In addition to broadcast, point-to-point broadcasts were classified as telephone and re-broadcast radio programs, becoming popular in the 1920s and 1930s . The use of radio in the prewar period is to develop the detection and allocation of aircraft and ships with the use of radar. Now, the radio is not the least of its kind, belonging to wireless networks, mobile communications of all kinds, and radio broadcasting. Before the famous television, commercial radio broadcasts were classified as drama, comedy, show variety, and not a bit of other entertainment; not just news and music only. It’s funny to think if Texas Hold’em Poker was built, how would they will do the marketing back then? when they want to promote play poker or main poker from Radio, maybe the will broadcast the sound of the play and the bluff.

The history of broadcast media can be broken down into two parts: the history of broadcast media as the invention of technology and the history of broadcast media as an industry. The history of broadcast media as a technological invention stems from the discovery of radio by experienced engineers in Europe and America. The history of broadcast media as an industry opened in America. Want to know about more? don’t forget to join our upcoming event, register yours now.

The radio broadcasting industry was started by David Sarnoff who established the AM radio system aircraft company that has the name RCA or Radio Corporation of America. Coverage of election work in the year 1920 by Radio KDKA (USA) perceived as broadcast news broadcasting widely and regularly for the community. KDKA Radio is a commercially licensed radio broadcasting station founded by Frank Conrad

The development of the FM radio broadcasting industry opened in mid-1933, Edwin Howard Armstrong of Columbia University successfully discovered the modulation frequency (FM), a much higher frequency of radio broadcasting AM (ie from 88 to 108 MHz). Armstrong then demonstrated his discovery to David Sarnoff. But RCA was more interested in developing television. Armstrong then sold it to a number of other companies. The development of FM radio was delayed because of the outbreak of World War 2 and the industry more interested in developing television.

The FM advantage of AM is:

May eliminate “interference” caused by weather, sunspots or electrical devices.
Can broadcast sound as well as possible

Types of Radio that we should know

Some of us may already be familiar with the term FM radio. Which type of radio is the least used by so many people. However, there are still a number of other types of radio. Here are some types of radios that exist, between different:

Radio AM

AM radio (amplitude modulation) works with the principle of modulating radio waves and audio waves. These two waves have the same constant amplitude. But this modulation process then replace the amplitude of wave conductor (radio) match the amplitude of the audio wave.

Initially the use of AM radio solely for the needs of wireless telegram. The one man who worked on a radio broadcast with a human voice was Reginald Aubrey Fessenden. He worked on a one-man radio broadcast on human voice on December 23, 1900 at a distance of 50 miles (from Cobb Island to Arlington, Virginia). Currently AM radio is not too little used for commercial radio broadcasts because of poor sound quality.

FM radio

FM radio (frequency modulation) works on the same principle as AM radio, by modulating radio waves (conducting) with audio waves. Only, on the FM radio this modulation process resulted in changes in frequency. When AM radio is commonly used, Armstrong pursues that the radio difference problem lies in the type of signal being transmitted. At that time the audio wave is transmitted with radio waves by using amplitude modulation (AM).

This modulation is most vulnerable to weather disturbances. In the late 1920s Armstrong began working on modulation in which the amplitude of the conductor wave (radio) was created constant. In 1933 he finally pursue a frequency modulation system (FM) that produces much clearer sound, and is not distracted by bad weather.

Unfortunately this technology is not necessarily used in bulk. The economic depression of the 1930s resulted in the radio industry refusing to adopt this new system because it required the replacement of transmitters and receivers that cost less. New in 1940 Armstrong was able to establish an FM radio station at his own expense.

Two years later the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) allocated a number of frequencies to FM Armstrong’s radio station. It takes a long time for frequency modulation to become a widely used system. In addition to these patents are not obtained by Armstrong.

Frustrating all the obstacles in fighting for the FM system, Armstrong completed his life tragically with suicide techniques. Lucky his wife then successfully fight for Armstrong rights for his invention. It was not until the late 1960s that FM became a truly established system. Nearly 2000 FM radio stations spread across America, FM became a microwave supporter, in the end FM is really declared as a flagship system in many communications fields.

Internet Radio

The invention of the Internet began to process the transmission of analog signals used by conventional radios. Internet radio (also known as web radio, streaming radio and e-radio) works with the technique of transmitting sound waves over the internet. The principle works almost the same with the short wave conventional radio (short wave), namely by using a continuous stream medium wave.

This working system allows radio broadcasts to be broadcast to all the world as long as the listener has an internet device. That’s why not a few expatriates who use internet radio to cultivate a sense of missed country of origin. In Indonesia, internet radio is usually collaborated with analog radio system by terrestrial radio station to broaden its broadcasting coverage.

Satellite Radio

Satellite radio transmits audio waves using digital signals. Unlike analog signals that use continuous waves, sound waves are transmitted across digital signals consisting of binary codes 0 and 1. These signals are transmitted to a much wider range of areas because they use satellites. It’s just that radio broadcasts can only be received by special equipment that can translate encrypted signals.

Satellite radio broadcasts can only be received in open locations where the antenna on the radio plane has a line of sight with the transmitting satellite. Satellite radio can only work that does not have a big barrier like a tunnel or building. Therefore satellite radio devices are not promoted for a little car radio. To get a good broadcast transmission, we need to create repeater stations like in America so that the quality of service excellence.

Expensive devices (because of using satellites) create this system commercially. Listeners must subscribe in order to pay attention to radio broadcasts. Even so the sound quality obtained is very clear, no longer no noise like conventional radio broadcasts. In addition, most of the content of the broadcast is free of ads and listeners have far less choice of broadcast channels (more than 120 channels).

Worldspace satellite radio provider that serves satellite radio broadcasting in America, Europe, Asia, Australia, and Africa. Worldspace has three satellites serving different districts. In Indonesia, until 2002 Worldspace has been working with RRI, Trijaya Radio, Borneo Wave Channel (Masima Group), and Kompas Cyber ​​Media as a filler of satellite radio services using the Asia Star satellite.

High-definition radio (HD Radio)

Radio is also known as a digital radio is working by combining analog and digital systems at once. That way allows two analog and digital stations to share the same frequency. This efficiency makes little content can be broadcast in the same position. The sound quality obtained by HD radio is as clear as satellite radio, but the services offered are free. But in order to receive a digital radio broadcast the listener must have an exclusive device that can capture digital signals.

Well, so is the explanation of the history and the types of radio. It turns out that radio is one communication device that is arguably the oldest in the world. This is evident from the explanation of the history above.

And even the radio has not a few types of opposites and of course also have the benefits and techniques of each work as has been described. Hopefully this paper can work for us all who read it.

Production Broadcast / Community Radio Program


Build community radio management capability about community radio programming.

Community radio programs consist of various formats like other radio stations (commercial / private and RRI) but their orientation and content are the most distinguishable. The following are some formats of community radio show programs.

1. Talk Show
Today’s Talk Show is a prima donna program, broadcast live / interactive and attractive. Coupled with its entertaining nature (entertainment) because one of the “necessities” nature of radio news, which until now still invite controversy. Entertainment is not really merely entertaining, but dynamic and lively. Therefore, the role of mentors / moderators most judge the success or failure of this event. Choose a mentor who is not emotional, fair, and neat in explaining the reality or opinion to the listener.
The very important difference between talk shows and news interviews is that talk shows have dynamic traits, are not glued to the actuality of the topic of conversation, and the hours are flexible.
Talk Show can be incorporated into a special program group or an interview program as an event. In fact there is a mention of each broadcast of the word is a talk show, because it refers to the meaning of the word itself ie talk (chat) and show (mat).
Two components that are not uncommon times in the talk show program are useful chats and music as a distraction.

Preparations to be held prior to holding a talk show are:

Define topics and goals.
Resources are suggested by more than one person. The presence of two respondents who contradict each other’s attitude / opinion, not only to fill the principle of balance, but also create harmony as well as controversy, to the extent that the talk show came to life.
Specify location, event packing and duration of broadcasting.
How is the concept?

The currently selected topic is highlighting
Analyze, not just case exposure
There is a comparable interaction between the speakers, not one person’s monopoly-one point of view
There was controversy, a pro-contra polemic
There is an open solution at the end of the conversation
What are the components?
1) Events Guide
The host is the person who will guide and manage the Talk show work, besides the guides also become managers of the dynamics of the circumstances that occurred in the talk show. In the implementation of talk shows, often the host is helped by an operator who set up many studio tools.

2) Event script / note
The event script is a guide for the event host to run this event. In this text also contains the topics that will be discussed, the name of the resource, the duration of the distribution of the talk-time for resource, time to interact and time for a distraction of the song.

3) Resources
The resource person is very urgent and is one of the key in the practice of talk show, because the person is the person will give opinion or argument about the topic to be talked about in the talk show.

4) Place
The venue or venue for a talk show should also be well prepared by the talk show organizer, whether the talk show will be performed in the studio or outside the studio. Outdoor talk shows outside the studio can be done for example in the Hall of the Village Hall, meeting hall and so on.

5) Communication tool
The communication tools used in the talk show work are the telephone lines. This tool is used in interactive sessions which provides an opportunity for the listener in the live location to participate or ask for the resource person directly. As for the talk show participants who are in one room with the speakers, the questions raised can be said directly or in writing.

6) Songs
In a talk show, music or songs are used at the beginning of the event before the counselor opens the talk show, and when the talk show is finished as a cover song.

7) Ads
Public service ads or advertisements may be broadcast or used during periods of interlude or as a distraction in a talk show. Usually this ad play lasts 1 minute.

What is the format of the broadcast?

LIVE (live broadcast, must be interactive)
TUNDA (previously recorded, purely monologically)
How is the planning?

Determining the intended target audience and requiring scientific enlightenment
Determining topics and resource persons from analysis to audience needs
Determine the guide, with criteria of tolerant, open, sharp and intellectual
Setting up places and equipment ON AIR especially if the live broadcast from the field
What is the sequence of the show?

Opening contains: introduction of events, guides, resource persons, and topics to be discussed. Can also be described the background of why the topic is selected.
The main discussion contains: (a) initial questions, usually having an open nature (requires explanation), (b) responses from respondents or listeners, and (c) developing further questions on those responses.
Concluding remarks: conclusions, sayings of thanks, and closing greetings, belong to subsequent program information. Conclusions do not necessarily have the resumes of conversation, can also be limited to brief analysis and open-ended questions to provoke listeners’ reflection. The whole structure of the conversation, interspersed with so many musical illustrations, is chosen to match the character of the conversation and the taste of the listener on the radio.
How to build talk show dynamics?
Talkshow dynamics are developed through comments and sharp questions from mentors who have the following characteristics:

Confirmation of truth of fact / analysis, for example: is it true father ever said ….
Clarify the truth of the admission with the data, for example: is there any proof of what you say … ..
Comparing opinions among sources, for example: how do you respond to the opinion … the indictment from someone that father ….
What is radio news?
The presentation of the facts is an interesting urgent event or opinion for as many listeners as possible

How to string the news?
Live broadcast:
The reporter explored the reality on the field and reported it at the same time from the field as well

Broadcast Snooze:
The reporter explored the reality on the field, then went back to the studio to process it before it aired

What are the news sections?

1. Announcer / Narrator

An announcer or a narrator is the person who will be on duty to read the news on the radio broadcast.

2. News Sources

The news to be said radio can be obtained from so many sources such as journalists / reporters in the field, contacts or relationships with information centers, politicians, god-given facts (events / events that are occurring instantly as mountains erupt, fires etc.), witnesses eyes, news agencies and so on.

3. News

The presentation of the facts is an interesting urgent event or opinion to as many of the listeners as you and I can from the resource person.

4. News Paper

News that has been obtained by the radio certainly not directly broadcast but must go through the process of reprocessing to become radio news. Radio news has been obtained that can be changed into the format News News Write, short news that comes from different media or rewritten. News is inserted, ie news that is completed or Mixed with insertion of voice of the speaker, news bulletin, ie a combination of short news presented in a block of time.

5. Song (interlude or back sound).

In news events that long duration example 30 minutes, listeners will sura meraa saturated and bored if only listen to the news alone, then the playback as a distraction would help to keep hearing the news broadcast, other than that when there are times of playback, can not rest much

6. Records of interviews with resource persons

7. Record of atmosphere (indigenous atmosphere of events)

What are the news formats?

Short news (Straight News)
News bulletin (List of Straight News)
Feature (In-depth News)
How is the production process?

Planning topics, resource persons, question formation
Conduct field reporting: Observation, Interview and Collect the written data in question
Writing a script, can be in the field can be in the studio
Read reports directly or snooze

How is the packaging?
• Ad-libitum (speech without script) is merely the text spoken by the broadcaster-reporter, directly from the field or in the studio.
• Spot (text, interview and event atmosphere)

How is the structure?
Reversed Pyramid:
(1) leads or headlines containing core facts (2) description of leads and (3) additional information

How long will it take?
• 30 seconds for Ad-Lib (maximum 20 line narration / if read standard 30 second speed)
• 90 to 150 seconds (2.5 minutes) for Spot

What are News Bulletins?
A collection of short stories, aired on a scheduled basis, duration of 5 to 30 minutes

What are the contents?

Introduction: News Summary
Core Materials: 3-10 Short News
Closing: News Summary
News bulletin type.
Serving a number of short stories with one theme of concentration eg: sports news or custom news only

Serving a number of short stories with various themes from sports, economics, politics, law, equipped with short interviews, Vox Pops, etc.

How is the packaging?
Single: just a few short stories without or with the introduction and closing
Variatif: a number of short stories with actuality interviews, vox pops feature even accompanied by intro-extro music and backsound

The short news package varies:
1.Ad-lib (just the text spoken by the presenter)
2.Spot (text recording, atmosphere and interview)
3.Live Report from reporter given guide by anchor

How to open?
Intro music (special music for bulletin)

1. Greeting the bulletin

good morning listeners, precisely at 7 pm, following bulletin from radio … with me …

2. Direct summary

(National Police Chief General Da’i Bachtiar confirmed … .., Chairman of the lawyer team of Abu Bakar Ba’asyir asked ……, Listener, from Malioboro area of ​​Yogyakarta, following radio twilight bulletin … ..). The first news is said to my colleague …… please.

How to close?
Music smash (music material exodus)

Instant greetings bulletin:
Listener, just this morning’s bulletin edition … .., thank you ….

Connecting the final news:
The news about this completed your encounter in the bulletin ….) Extro music (special music for bulletin

When is the broadcast schedule?
Every hour, Everyday, Once a Week


What is the purpose?
1. Promote the existence of radio in the community
2. Provide information on the most important radio symbol or identity
3. Establish a specific radio image in the mind of the listener
4. When it is broadcast, it is also useful as a pause and a “reminder”

How is the principle?
1. Represents the image of the radio to be built in the mind of the listener
2. Touching feelings and thoughts to be easy to remember
3. Have uniqueness dikomparasikan other radio
4. Broadcasted over and over again, especially during the event transition

What kind?
1. Jinggel guna radio station
2. Jinggel for radio show
3. Jinggel for radio broadcasters

How long will it take?
5 to 15 seconds

How to format the packaging
1. Ad-libitum (text that is read rhythmically by the narrator)
2. Spot (text combined with music, atmosphere and so on or limited to music and theme songs that refer to radio identity)

What are the music options?
1. Smash (Placed between slogan with radio name information)
2. Backsound (As background when narrative information pronunciation)
3. Intro-Extro (Starting and ending music, can be used but can not)

What are the elements?

1. Goal setting

The original requirement of the jingle is to judge the destination of the creation, the jingle intended to be used for what, for example, to promote radio, compose the image of a radio listener and so on.

2. Script

The manuscript is created as material to be said or inserted in the jinggle that will be created, in addition it can also be inserted interview results with a certain figure that if appropriate for inclusion in jinggle.

3. Narrator

The narrator is the one who will read the manuscript or fulfill the voice in the creation of the jinggel.

4. Production tools

Jinggel is good and deserves to be broadcast is jinggel that has been through the editing process, artificial tools in the form of computers required as among the input broadcast program, because the existing material or script can be combined (mixing) with so many other materials such as backsound songs.

5. Songs

Songs or music becomes a necessity in the broadcast program which later can be used as background music (backsound)

Some kind of jersey
a. Mention Station Name
The name of the station is named complete, if it is an example of Bikima, it opens with its abbreviation first: Biwara Kirana Mataram)

b. Mentioning Radio Frequency
The radio frequency is called a thorough number: 104.75, and the path: FM / AM)

c. Mentioned Studio Locations
A thorough address or name of an area known to the listener,
For example: From the complex of Timbulharjo Village Hall ….

d. Mentioning the Slogan
Keywords used by radio to describe their existence in the middle of listener: Timbulharjo residents information channel)

Positive expressions of local community figures on radio.

Type of speech
Provocative: MBS, Radio that develops customs and art
Suggestive: Light in ear, familiar in heart, Persada radio …
Informative: we are still together with the frequency ………


Make a jingle more than one so that when played not boring
Each jinggel should be packed with information, for example for the promotion of radio identity can be made up of three jingles with opposing narrators (1) names and frequencies (2) names and places (3) names and slogans
How is the process of making it?

Specify a custom destination (choose between the three destinations above)
Preparing elements of speech pertained to interviews if necessary, prepare the elements of music and choose the right narrator
Vocal narrator recording recording, then editing-mixing

Intro: R & B music (3 seconds)
Location: from Simpang Lima area Semarang … .. (2 seconds)
Smash: Soft Rock music (2 seconds)
Station Name: Jatayu FM (1 sec)
Slogan: location of young people hangkal (2 seconds)


What are the types of ads?

Commercial service ads (selling products)
Social service ads (selling messages)
How is the shape?

Ad-Libitum (a read only script, 30 seconds duration)
Spot (in the form of advertising script combined with music, sound effects, interview excerpts, duration 30-60 seconds)
Exclusive programs (ad-lib and spot broadcast alternately as a specific event sponsored media message)
What is the nature of the message?

Provocative (psychological coercion, sloganistic) example: Let’s you create a clean, healthy and comfortable Yogya
Informative (the narration is rich with information data, cause-and-effect) for example: Started Solo Street Sun, selling so many family equipments, start …
Suggestive (intriguing through metaphors or poetic sentences) for example: white face, natural and intelligent face or through the theme song with the lyrics (narration sung)
What elements in the ad?

Narration spoken alone, two or more
Music as effect (backsound, intro-extro, smash)
Atmosphere recording conditions that match ad story
Testimonials, excerpts of characters about the product / message
How is an ad process made?

Conducting product and message research and target segments
Determining what products to advertise and the benefits to be highlighted: soap for elegance (commercial)
Determining the core message that will be advertised: health, is everything, if so why we smoke?
Create a storyboard presentation of the advertising that will be produced: who as what, opened with what narrative
Determine the organizers of production: producer, voice actor, narrator, author (copy writer), operator
What is the usual advertising structure?

Draw attention: a touch of music or a powerful narrative at the start: shout, for example a person’s shout or a “sharp dialog” between two actors: “I just do not want to, what do you want?”
Music, narration or follow-up dialogue that can bring to a certain state the core message of the ad, belongs to a proverb or a public figure statement: “Emotions do not solve problems, emotions even bring problems”
Attracting attention: a touching touch that creates a strong impression, leaving the cuteness until it is always remembered
What needs to be avoided?

The use of foreign language is hard to understand
Giving hope, overly gratuitous promotions, creating imaginative listeners, “You want to get rich in an instant?”
The message smells SARA, “pitted” two ethnic figures
Too detailed to be difficult to remember, not basic information that has qualitative properties
Prior to broadcast, the advertisements that have been produced are tried to be listened to in limited circles, corrected and implemented afterwards


Feature is a program that breaks one topic of the problem through the many complementary views, parse and criticism presented in so many formats. Because the language is the story style and the nature of its investigative report, the feature is also called deep-seated. If straight news (short news) fixated on factual data, then the feature also includes opinion supporters, even so many different data and opinions from different figures. Briefly it can be said that the feature is a mixture of components: (1) the event archive, (2) the opinion of the party, (3) the imaginary human expression in the presentation.
History of the birth of the BBC London radio feature is a new dimension of the radio journalism program by combining the literary elements on when presented. For example a problem of poverty, in terms of social, economic, political, and educational background.
Three kinds of realities contained in the feature include (1) events (events), problems (case), and (3) phenomena (phenomena).
The sound elements contained in it include: (1) presenter (presenter voices), (2) the native voice of the field (sound effect), (3) smash / jingle and companion music.
Feature feature according to the information from the Center for Multimedia Education (MTC) Yogyakarta:

The process of running the story wants to be vertical and deep,
Unveils a gradual and chronological reflection.
Used in a real life topic, one life in one episode, and the story is relatively predictable.
Production Stage Feature
Feature Production requires a number of relatively longer stages than other programmable ones. This is because the feature will peel a symptom or problem more deeply and even more widely.

Process of Implementing Activities

Research 1 Determining the topic Producer – Reporter
Research 2 Organize the form and dig the data material Producer – Reporter
Production 1 Editing field data findings and script writing Producer – Script Writer
Production 2 Sound recording and mixing Narrator – Operator
The feature formats are formed according to the logic flow by using the inverted pyramid principle, in order of:
1. Introduction, revealing the most important element at the beginning of the show simply.
2. Development, bringing to the more housing reviews with intersections of supporting events data.
3. Endnotes, not infrequently times in the form of conclusions, can also form a message. For example, asking listeners to think of something from the report.

The text read by the narrator and accompanying music is placed as a speaker of the speaker’s voice. Number of respondents is too much. More than 5 people, do not ensure the quality of feature information. The quality of the feature is more determined on the selection of which recognition is appropriate and inappropriate to broadcast. Attractive statements are often unique, funny, humorous, humorous, and joyful-looking voices.

Feature program element

1) Producer and Reporter

The task that must be done by the party is to assess the topic, organize the form and dig the material or data required in producing the feature.

2) Announcer / Narrator

An announcer or narrator is the person who will be assigned to read the feature on the radio broadcast.

3) News / Data

News and data and sounds of the speakers are materials used for artificial features.

4) Scriptwriter

After the news and data as well as the required respondent’s voice has been obtained, then the next work is the creation of a feature script. The subsequent script will be pronounced in the feature broadcast, in addition to the script spoken by the narrator, in the feature program can also be submitted inserts in the form of votes from the speakers.

5) Music

A soft rhythmic song or songwriting is used in the feature when the event begins and when the feature ends. This tune in music often lasts for 10 seconds.

History of Prambors Radio Station Jakarta

Initially Prambors is a radio composed by a group of young people
which can only be heard in the Jakarta area, a number of members of Prambors, Imran
Amir, Mursid Rustam, Malik Sjafei and Bambang Wahyudi

They also assemble simple transmitters and all kinds of supporting devices
in Bambang Wahyudi’s rest room. Because there is no cassette or tape player
portable, then dipakailah rotary plates to play songs from the record.

In 1970, the Government issued a new rule, that each radio is incorporated
the law must be in the form of a Limited Liability Company (PT) or Association. Prambors too
abide by the rules, to the point of becoming PT Radio Prambors Broadcasting
Service. Certificate is then processed into PT Radio Prambors in the 80s.

Slowly, it turns out that Prambors already has a community of listeners
the majority of young people. Songs and broadcast lessons were matched with
segmentation, ie young people. From 1971 to 1978, Prambors was also growing
steady in the path of young people, who at that time as there is no rival. Product of Prambors
more diverse. Starting from compilation tapes, to the off-air event of Songwriting Competition
Teenagers (LCLR) are successful.

In the 80s, Prambors began to fix because in this era began to feel
competition with other radio stations. One of their endeavors to remain
keeping the listener community is through games, quizzes developed
quite varied, with gifts that were then quite sensational, for example cars.
In addition to the quiz, in the era of the 90’s began to attend also new events, such as Boy’s Notes,
Diary, even off-air event like Tenda Mangkal, Prambors Nite. Community listeners
Prambors increasingly large, especially supported by audio quality improvements with
moved to FM 102.3 in 1987.

Due to the re-arrangement of all frequencies issued by
Department of Transportation, as of August 1, 2004 Prambors changed its frequency
was FM 102.3 to FM 102.2. Until now, Prambors has appeared in 8 cities
in Indonesia, namely in Prambors Jakarta 102.2 FM, Prambors Bandung 98.4 FM,
Prambors Semarang 102 FM, Prambors Solo 99.2 FM, Prambors Yogyakarta 95.8 FM,
Prambors Surabaya 89.3 FM, Prambors Medan 97.5 FM, and Prambors Makassar 105.1
FM. The extent of Prambors network is increasingly felt especially in so many programs
which jump from Jakarta directly to 8 cities.

Until now, Prambors continues to accompany young people with programs
exciting. Every Monday – Friday there is Happy BeGi! For morning program, day
given guidance by Indra Bekti and Nycta Gina, during the day there is Hit the Hits guided
by Andari, In the afternoon there is a Danang Show given a guide by Danang, at night there
The Hey-Ho Show is guided by Jessica Elenora and Kresna Julio, and on Saturday-and
week there is The Weekend Show given guidance by CJ, and also Hot 20 Countdown
guided by Reza Alqadri.

With empirical 40 years (since 1971) year as a radio of young people,
Prambors is not infrequently the Place of the Younger Child. Prambors and creativity
not only accessible to mudan and beyond the radio, but also via the internet, either
through the official website of Prambors ( or through so many kinds
social media youngsters like Twitter and Facebook. The gadget means like a phone
cellular, computer, and other media were so among the means of young people to
access Prambors.

For many years in the air, Prambors had a most embedded logo
with the name of Prambors. The logo is a face of a woman with curly hair,
vignette images. People call it “Si Jabrik”. This logo does not have a moment yet
Prambors is still a “gang” era.

Image result for gambar logo prambors

Initially the logo of Prambors present only has temporary properties in sticker format
read “Prambors”. But as time went by, this business changed when
Prambors must be a business entity. When Prambors must have a logo that is
fixed and unchanged. The current Prambors logo was inspired from among the covers
a collection album of Dutch music – The Exception is very unique attention.
Images from the album are similar to “Si Jabrik”. But to make a difference,
The Prambors logo was modified. The image of the woman is processed so facing
to the bottom, And the culminating image is one of the former broadcasters of Prambors,

The ‘Jabrik’ logo began to be worn around 1969, when Prambors had
shaped foundation. This curly woman is so popular that not a few are
imitate and install in the car windshield.

In the 1980s, the size of the Jabrik narrowed, only in the letter “O”

Terms of use of radio frequency spectrum

The radio frequency spectrum is a limited and strategic natural resource and has a high-efficient value to the extent to be managed effectively and appropriately in order to obtain optimal use for maximum prosperity of the people.

In accordance with Article 33 paragraph (1) of Law no. 36 of 1999 concerning Telecommunication and Article 17 paragraph (1) of Government Regulation no. 53 of 2000 concerning the Use of Radio Frequency Spectrum and Satellite Orbit that any use of radio frequency spectrum must obtain permission from the Minister of Communications and Information Technology whose management is carried out by the Director General of Resources and Equipment of Post and Information Technology.

Permission for using radio frequency spectrum, including:
Radio Frequency Spectrum Band Permission (IPSFR)
IPSFR is a license for the use of radio frequencies submitted in certain radio frequency band formats on a national scale as well as a particular district zone. IPSFR issuance is decided through the mechanism of auction selection / beauty contest or evolution from ISR to IPSFR.

IPSFR is awarded for 10 (ten) years and can be extended 1 (one) time for ten (10) years.

IPSR has been used for radio frequency usage permission for mobile 2G / 3G mobile network needs (800/900/1800/2100 MHz) and Wireless Broadband (BWA 2.3 GHz) implementation.

Radio Station License (ISR)
ISR is a radio frequency usage license submitted in radio frequency channel format for each radio station. ISR issuance is decided through technical analysis of radio frequency channel awareness and potential interference to other radio frequency usage and processed according to the first-come first-served principle.

ISR submitted for a period of 5 (five) years and can be extended 1 (one) time around 5 (five) years.

Use of radio frequency that can be submitted in ISR format, between different needs for Microwave Link, IPSFR mobile broadband and wireless broadband network, radio and TV broadcast, maritime and aviation radio, satellite communication system, radio trunking, Transmitter Link Studio (STL ), and Conventional Radio / Concession / Komrad (Repeater Station, Base Station, Mobile Unit, Handy Talky (HT)).

Class Permission

Class permission is a right assigned to individual natural persons and / or legal entities in order to operate a telecommunication equipment using a radio frequency spectrum under which criteria must comply with technical regulations.

The use of telecommunication equipment and equipment in which the learning room permit is permitted shall follow certain technical regulations that are decided in the terms and the use of their frequency may be used in sharing.

The use of radio frequencies in radio frequency bands categorized as class permits, no longer required to have ISR or IPSFR, but the telecommunication equipment and equipment used must have device certificates and equipment issued by the Directorate General of Resources and Equipment of Post and Information Technology.

The study room permit has been applied for the use of the 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz Bands as well as the equipment that uses radio frequency with a maximum transmit power (ERP) of 10 mW and equipment of Short Range Devices (SRD).

Radio frequency spectrum licensing service is carried out using information technology in the form of data processing system and national radio frequency usage database (Spectrum Management Information System), as well as monitoring system of national radio frequency usage and support of Technical Implementation Unit (UPT) of Radio Frequency Spectrum Monitoring (Balmon / Loka Monitor / Post Monitor) totaling 37 UPT spread in districts of Indonesia.

The use of radio frequency shall be in accordance with the Radio Station License granted, suitable for designation and not interfere with each other. Radio frequency users are prohibited from changing and / or changing the radio frequency, administrative data and technical data of radio stations already listed in the Radio Station License. The applicant must first submit a request for the evolution of Radio Station License data for the Director General of Resources and Equipment of Post and Information Technology, Ministry of Communication and Informatics. Radio Station License or a copy must be placed on the station station’s place.