Build community radio management capability about community radio programming.
Community radio programs consist of various formats like other radio stations (commercial / private and RRI) but their orientation and content are the most distinguishable. The following are some formats of community radio show programs.
1. Talk Show
Today’s Talk Show is a prima donna program, broadcast live / interactive and attractive. Coupled with its entertaining nature (entertainment) because one of the “necessities” nature of radio news, which until now still invite controversy. Entertainment is not really merely entertaining, but dynamic and lively. Therefore, the role of mentors / moderators most judge the success or failure of this event. Choose a mentor who is not emotional, fair, and neat in explaining the reality or opinion to the listener.
The very important difference between talk shows and news interviews is that talk shows have dynamic traits, are not glued to the actuality of the topic of conversation, and the hours are flexible.
Talk Show can be incorporated into a special program group or an interview program as an event. In fact there is a mention of each broadcast of the word is a talk show, because it refers to the meaning of the word itself ie talk (chat) and show (mat).
Two components that are not uncommon times in the talk show program are useful chats and music as a distraction.
Preparations to be held prior to holding a talk show are:
Define topics and goals.
Resources are suggested by more than one person. The presence of two respondents who contradict each other’s attitude / opinion, not only to fill the principle of balance, but also create harmony as well as controversy, to the extent that the talk show came to life.
Specify location, event packing and duration of broadcasting.
How is the concept?
The currently selected topic is highlighting
Analyze, not just case exposure
There is a comparable interaction between the speakers, not one person’s monopoly-one point of view
There was controversy, a pro-contra polemic
There is an open solution at the end of the conversation
What are the components?
1) Events Guide
The host is the person who will guide and manage the Talk show work, besides the guides also become managers of the dynamics of the circumstances that occurred in the talk show. In the implementation of talk shows, often the host is helped by an operator who set up many studio tools.
2) Event script / note
The event script is a guide for the event host to run this event. In this text also contains the topics that will be discussed, the name of the resource, the duration of the distribution of the talk-time for resource, time to interact and time for a distraction of the song.
The resource person is very urgent and is one of the key in the practice of talk show, because the person is the person will give opinion or argument about the topic to be talked about in the talk show.
The venue or venue for a talk show should also be well prepared by the talk show organizer, whether the talk show will be performed in the studio or outside the studio. Outdoor talk shows outside the studio can be done for example in the Hall of the Village Hall, meeting hall and so on.
5) Communication tool
The communication tools used in the talk show work are the telephone lines. This tool is used in interactive sessions which provides an opportunity for the listener in the live location to participate or ask for the resource person directly. As for the talk show participants who are in one room with the speakers, the questions raised can be said directly or in writing.
In a talk show, music or songs are used at the beginning of the event before the counselor opens the talk show, and when the talk show is finished as a cover song.
Public service ads or advertisements may be broadcast or used during periods of interlude or as a distraction in a talk show. Usually this ad play lasts 1 minute.
What is the format of the broadcast?
LIVE (live broadcast, must be interactive)
TUNDA (previously recorded, purely monologically)
How is the planning?
Determining the intended target audience and requiring scientific enlightenment
Determining topics and resource persons from analysis to audience needs
Determine the guide, with criteria of tolerant, open, sharp and intellectual
Setting up places and equipment ON AIR especially if the live broadcast from the field
What is the sequence of the show?
Opening contains: introduction of events, guides, resource persons, and topics to be discussed. Can also be described the background of why the topic is selected.
The main discussion contains: (a) initial questions, usually having an open nature (requires explanation), (b) responses from respondents or listeners, and (c) developing further questions on those responses.
Concluding remarks: conclusions, sayings of thanks, and closing greetings, belong to subsequent program information. Conclusions do not necessarily have the resumes of conversation, can also be limited to brief analysis and open-ended questions to provoke listeners’ reflection. The whole structure of the conversation, interspersed with so many musical illustrations, is chosen to match the character of the conversation and the taste of the listener on the radio.
How to build talk show dynamics?
Talkshow dynamics are developed through comments and sharp questions from mentors who have the following characteristics:
Confirmation of truth of fact / analysis, for example: is it true father ever said ….
Clarify the truth of the admission with the data, for example: is there any proof of what you say … ..
Comparing opinions among sources, for example: how do you respond to the opinion … the indictment from someone that father ….
2. PRODUCTION NEWS
What is radio news?
The presentation of the facts is an interesting urgent event or opinion for as many listeners as possible
How to string the news?
The reporter explored the reality on the field and reported it at the same time from the field as well
The reporter explored the reality on the field, then went back to the studio to process it before it aired
What are the news sections?
1. Announcer / Narrator
An announcer or a narrator is the person who will be on duty to read the news on the radio broadcast.
2. News Sources
The news to be said radio can be obtained from so many sources such as journalists / reporters in the field, contacts or relationships with information centers, politicians, god-given facts (events / events that are occurring instantly as mountains erupt, fires etc.), witnesses eyes, news agencies and so on.
The presentation of the facts is an interesting urgent event or opinion to as many of the listeners as you and I can from the resource person.
4. News Paper
News that has been obtained by the radio certainly not directly broadcast but must go through the process of reprocessing to become radio news. Radio news has been obtained that can be changed into the format News News Write, short news that comes from different media or rewritten. News is inserted, ie news that is completed or Mixed with insertion of voice of the speaker, news bulletin, ie a combination of short news presented in a block of time.
5. Song (interlude or back sound).
In news events that long duration example 30 minutes, listeners will sura meraa saturated and bored if only listen to the news alone, then the playback as a distraction would help to keep hearing the news broadcast, other than that when there are times of playback, can not rest much
6. Records of interviews with resource persons
7. Record of atmosphere (indigenous atmosphere of events)
What are the news formats?
Short news (Straight News)
News bulletin (List of Straight News)
Feature (In-depth News)
How is the production process?
Planning topics, resource persons, question formation
Conduct field reporting: Observation, Interview and Collect the written data in question
Writing a script, can be in the field can be in the studio
Read reports directly or snooze
A. SHORT NEWS
How is the packaging?
• Ad-libitum (speech without script) is merely the text spoken by the broadcaster-reporter, directly from the field or in the studio.
• Spot (text, interview and event atmosphere)
How is the structure?
(1) leads or headlines containing core facts (2) description of leads and (3) additional information
How long will it take?
• 30 seconds for Ad-Lib (maximum 20 line narration / if read standard 30 second speed)
• 90 to 150 seconds (2.5 minutes) for Spot
B. BULLETIN NEWS
What are News Bulletins?
A collection of short stories, aired on a scheduled basis, duration of 5 to 30 minutes
What are the contents?
Introduction: News Summary
Core Materials: 3-10 Short News
Closing: News Summary
News bulletin type.
Serving a number of short stories with one theme of concentration eg: sports news or custom news only
Serving a number of short stories with various themes from sports, economics, politics, law, equipped with short interviews, Vox Pops, etc.
How is the packaging?
Single: just a few short stories without or with the introduction and closing
Variatif: a number of short stories with actuality interviews, vox pops feature even accompanied by intro-extro music and backsound
The short news package varies:
1.Ad-lib (just the text spoken by the presenter)
2.Spot (text recording, atmosphere and interview)
3.Live Report from reporter given guide by anchor
How to open?
Intro music (special music for bulletin)
1. Greeting the bulletin
good morning listeners, precisely at 7 pm, following bulletin from radio … with me …
2. Direct summary
(National Police Chief General Da’i Bachtiar confirmed … .., Chairman of the lawyer team of Abu Bakar Ba’asyir asked ……, Listener, from Malioboro area of Yogyakarta, following radio twilight bulletin … ..). The first news is said to my colleague …… please.
How to close?
Music smash (music material exodus)
Instant greetings bulletin:
Listener, just this morning’s bulletin edition … .., thank you ….
Connecting the final news:
The news about this completed your encounter in the bulletin ….) Extro music (special music for bulletin
When is the broadcast schedule?
Every hour, Everyday, Once a Week
3. MAKE JINGGEL
What is the purpose?
1. Promote the existence of radio in the community
2. Provide information on the most important radio symbol or identity
3. Establish a specific radio image in the mind of the listener
4. When it is broadcast, it is also useful as a pause and a “reminder”
How is the principle?
1. Represents the image of the radio to be built in the mind of the listener
2. Touching feelings and thoughts to be easy to remember
3. Have uniqueness dikomparasikan other radio
4. Broadcasted over and over again, especially during the event transition
1. Jinggel guna radio station
2. Jinggel for radio show
3. Jinggel for radio broadcasters
How long will it take?
5 to 15 seconds
How to format the packaging
1. Ad-libitum (text that is read rhythmically by the narrator)
2. Spot (text combined with music, atmosphere and so on or limited to music and theme songs that refer to radio identity)
What are the music options?
1. Smash (Placed between slogan with radio name information)
2. Backsound (As background when narrative information pronunciation)
3. Intro-Extro (Starting and ending music, can be used but can not)
What are the elements?
1. Goal setting
The original requirement of the jingle is to judge the destination of the creation, the jingle intended to be used for what, for example, to promote radio, compose the image of a radio listener and so on.
The manuscript is created as material to be said or inserted in the jinggle that will be created, in addition it can also be inserted interview results with a certain figure that if appropriate for inclusion in jinggle.
The narrator is the one who will read the manuscript or fulfill the voice in the creation of the jinggel.
4. Production tools
Jinggel is good and deserves to be broadcast is jinggel that has been through the editing process, artificial tools in the form of computers required as among the input broadcast program, because the existing material or script can be combined (mixing) with so many other materials such as backsound songs.
Songs or music becomes a necessity in the broadcast program which later can be used as background music (backsound)
Some kind of jersey
a. Mention Station Name
The name of the station is named complete, if it is an example of Bikima, it opens with its abbreviation first: Biwara Kirana Mataram)
b. Mentioning Radio Frequency
The radio frequency is called a thorough number: 104.75, and the path: FM / AM)
c. Mentioned Studio Locations
A thorough address or name of an area known to the listener,
For example: From the complex of Timbulharjo Village Hall ….
d. Mentioning the Slogan
Keywords used by radio to describe their existence in the middle of listener: Timbulharjo residents information channel)
Positive expressions of local community figures on radio.
Type of speech
Provocative: MBS, Radio that develops customs and art
Suggestive: Light in ear, familiar in heart, Persada radio …
Informative: we are still together with the frequency ………
Make a jingle more than one so that when played not boring
Each jinggel should be packed with information, for example for the promotion of radio identity can be made up of three jingles with opposing narrators (1) names and frequencies (2) names and places (3) names and slogans
How is the process of making it?
Specify a custom destination (choose between the three destinations above)
Preparing elements of speech pertained to interviews if necessary, prepare the elements of music and choose the right narrator
Vocal narrator recording recording, then editing-mixing
Intro: R & B music (3 seconds)
Location: from Simpang Lima area Semarang … .. (2 seconds)
Smash: Soft Rock music (2 seconds)
Station Name: Jatayu FM (1 sec)
Slogan: location of young people hangkal (2 seconds)
4. MADE RADIO ADS
What are the types of ads?
Commercial service ads (selling products)
Social service ads (selling messages)
How is the shape?
Ad-Libitum (a read only script, 30 seconds duration)
Spot (in the form of advertising script combined with music, sound effects, interview excerpts, duration 30-60 seconds)
Exclusive programs (ad-lib and spot broadcast alternately as a specific event sponsored media message)
What is the nature of the message?
Provocative (psychological coercion, sloganistic) example: Let’s you create a clean, healthy and comfortable Yogya
Informative (the narration is rich with information data, cause-and-effect) for example: Started Solo Street Sun, selling so many family equipments, start …
Suggestive (intriguing through metaphors or poetic sentences) for example: white face, natural and intelligent face or through the theme song with the lyrics (narration sung)
What elements in the ad?
Narration spoken alone, two or more
Music as effect (backsound, intro-extro, smash)
Atmosphere recording conditions that match ad story
Testimonials, excerpts of characters about the product / message
How is an ad process made?
Conducting product and message research and target segments
Determining what products to advertise and the benefits to be highlighted: soap for elegance (commercial)
Determining the core message that will be advertised: health, is everything, if so why we smoke?
Create a storyboard presentation of the advertising that will be produced: who as what, opened with what narrative
Determine the organizers of production: producer, voice actor, narrator, author (copy writer), operator
What is the usual advertising structure?
Draw attention: a touch of music or a powerful narrative at the start: shout, for example a person’s shout or a “sharp dialog” between two actors: “I just do not want to, what do you want?”
Music, narration or follow-up dialogue that can bring to a certain state the core message of the ad, belongs to a proverb or a public figure statement: “Emotions do not solve problems, emotions even bring problems”
Attracting attention: a touching touch that creates a strong impression, leaving the cuteness until it is always remembered
What needs to be avoided?
The use of foreign language is hard to understand
Giving hope, overly gratuitous promotions, creating imaginative listeners, “You want to get rich in an instant?”
The message smells SARA, “pitted” two ethnic figures
Too detailed to be difficult to remember, not basic information that has qualitative properties
Prior to broadcast, the advertisements that have been produced are tried to be listened to in limited circles, corrected and implemented afterwards
5. OUTDOOR DEVICE (FEATURE)
Feature is a program that breaks one topic of the problem through the many complementary views, parse and criticism presented in so many formats. Because the language is the story style and the nature of its investigative report, the feature is also called deep-seated. If straight news (short news) fixated on factual data, then the feature also includes opinion supporters, even so many different data and opinions from different figures. Briefly it can be said that the feature is a mixture of components: (1) the event archive, (2) the opinion of the party, (3) the imaginary human expression in the presentation.
History of the birth of the BBC London radio feature is a new dimension of the radio journalism program by combining the literary elements on when presented. For example a problem of poverty, in terms of social, economic, political, and educational background.
Three kinds of realities contained in the feature include (1) events (events), problems (case), and (3) phenomena (phenomena).
The sound elements contained in it include: (1) presenter (presenter voices), (2) the native voice of the field (sound effect), (3) smash / jingle and companion music.
Feature feature according to the information from the Center for Multimedia Education (MTC) Yogyakarta:
The process of running the story wants to be vertical and deep,
Unveils a gradual and chronological reflection.
Used in a real life topic, one life in one episode, and the story is relatively predictable.
Production Stage Feature
Feature Production requires a number of relatively longer stages than other programmable ones. This is because the feature will peel a symptom or problem more deeply and even more widely.
Process of Implementing Activities
Research 1 Determining the topic Producer – Reporter
Research 2 Organize the form and dig the data material Producer – Reporter
Production 1 Editing field data findings and script writing Producer – Script Writer
Production 2 Sound recording and mixing Narrator – Operator
The feature formats are formed according to the logic flow by using the inverted pyramid principle, in order of:
1. Introduction, revealing the most important element at the beginning of the show simply.
2. Development, bringing to the more housing reviews with intersections of supporting events data.
3. Endnotes, not infrequently times in the form of conclusions, can also form a message. For example, asking listeners to think of something from the report.
The text read by the narrator and accompanying music is placed as a speaker of the speaker’s voice. Number of respondents is too much. More than 5 people, do not ensure the quality of feature information. The quality of the feature is more determined on the selection of which recognition is appropriate and inappropriate to broadcast. Attractive statements are often unique, funny, humorous, humorous, and joyful-looking voices.
Feature program element
1) Producer and Reporter
The task that must be done by the party is to assess the topic, organize the form and dig the material or data required in producing the feature.
2) Announcer / Narrator
An announcer or narrator is the person who will be assigned to read the feature on the radio broadcast.
3) News / Data
News and data and sounds of the speakers are materials used for artificial features.
After the news and data as well as the required respondent’s voice has been obtained, then the next work is the creation of a feature script. The subsequent script will be pronounced in the feature broadcast, in addition to the script spoken by the narrator, in the feature program can also be submitted inserts in the form of votes from the speakers.
A soft rhythmic song or songwriting is used in the feature when the event begins and when the feature ends. This tune in music often lasts for 10 seconds.